IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) Standards Association: http://standards.ieee.org/ The IEEE-SA publishes electrical and electronic standards — such as those for FireWire® (IEEE 1394) or parallel (IEEE 1284) interfaces — that improve the ability of corporations to pursue consensus on technical issues.

1394 Trade Association: http://www.1394ta.org The 1394 Trade Association promotes the IEEE 1394 Serial Bus standard technology into the computer, consumer, peripheral, and industrial markets to enable an interoperable, standardized, universal I/O and backplane interconnect.

USB Implementers Forum: http://www.usb.org The USB-IF provides a support organization and forum for advancing and adopting Universal Serial Bus technology. The Forum facilitates the development of USB peripherals, and promotes the benefits of USB.

Electronic Industries Association: http://www.eia.org/ An umbrella organization of over 2,300 member companies, representing the U.S. electronics industry and setting standards for telecommunications, consumer electronics, electronic components, and other related technologies. In conjunction with the Telecommunications Industry Association, the EIA defines the standards for serial data transfer (including EIA/TIA–232–F, the current standard for RS-232 serial interfaces).

PCI Special Interest Group: http://www.pcisig.com The PCI Special Interest Group (PCI-SIG) delivers a standard for PCI devices. The PCI specification is an open industry standard.

On-Line Resources to Assist in Upgrading Systems

Microsoft assists people evaluating systems for Windows® XP compatibility:

The Upgrade Advisor is a tool that checks your system hardware and software to see if it is ready for upgrade. Versions exist for Windows XP and later. It can be run online or downloaded and run locally.

The USB Implementers Forum, the organization governing the USB specification, has a number of tools useful for evaluating systems' suitability for upgrading to USB:

This page has installation utilities for testing USB devices with various versions of Windows® , and for assessing other aspects of USB conformance.

USBCV Beta 2 - Windows® 2000 and Windows® XP only

This installation utility contains a USB Command Verifier that evaluates High, Full and Low-speed USB devices for conformance to the USB Device Framework, Hub Device Class, and HID specifications. It works with Windows® 2000 and XP.

USBCheck.exe - Windows® 2000 only

This installation utility contains USB Check version 5.1. Note: USBCheck is being made obsolete by the USB Command Verifier described above.

This page has USBready.exe, for assessing a system's USB support under Windows® 98 or 98SE. This utility examines a PC's hardware and software and indicates the PC's USB capabilities. The USB Implementators Forum also offers the following rough guidelines: PCs made during or before 1996 probably don't support USB. PCs made during 1997 probably do support USB. PCs made during or after 1998 almost certainly support USB.

Many other organizations and resources exist. Also don't forget, as far as LAVA devices go, we have free unlimited technical support, provided by engineers very familiar with our products. We make and support all our products from our headquarters in Toronto.